Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences

Undergraduate - Unit

This unit entry is for students who completed this unit in 2014 only. For students planning to study the unit, please refer to the unit indexes in the the current edition of the Handbook. If you have any queries contact the managing faculty for your course or area of study.

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18 points, SCA Band 2, 0.375 EFTSL

Refer to the specific census and withdrawal dates for the semester(s) in which this unit is offered, or view unit timetables.

FacultyFaculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences
Organisational UnitDepartment of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences
OfferedClayton Second semester 2014 (Day)
Coordinator(s)Dr Matthew Dimmock and Ms Ruth Druva


Sonographic anatomy of the abdominal organs and related structures. Sonographic representation of common abdominal pathologies. Selection of appropriate ultrasound equipment, and optimisation of technical factors. Scanning techniques for the liver, gallbladder, biliary system, anterior abdominal wall & hernias, peritoneum & retroperitoneum and Doppler ultrasound of the upper abdomen. Doppler ultrasound and harmonic imaging. Spectral Doppler and continuous Doppler instrumentation. Ultrasound artefacts. Bio-effects and bio-hazards of diagnostic ultrasound. Limited clinical experience in abdominal ultrasound examinations and facilitatation of ongoing development in general radiography examinations. Scientific principles underpinning breast imaging, their associated instrumentation and protocols, positioning methods and radiation protection principles. Principles of radiation dosimetry, ethics, regulation of health care and legal issues in the professional context


  1. Perform and evaluate correct patient preparation and sonographic imaging methods employed in examinations of the upper abdomen.
  2. Identify and interpret normal structures, function and common pathological appearances of abdominal structures in ultrasound images.
  3. Demonstrate specific knowledge of the basic principles of the function, application and potential pitfalls of ultrasound instrumentation used in abdominal ultrasound scanning, including B-mode, spectral Doppler and imaging artefacts.
  4. Describe and apply the fundamental principles of statistical analyses and outline their relevance to research and clinical practice in radiography.
  5. Perform a basic ultrasound examination of the upper abdomen to the level of a beginner student sonographer.
  6. Modify and adapt general and advanced radiographic techniques, radiation protection strategies and demonstrate professional communication skills to the level of a competent student radiographer.
  7. Collect data using quantitative and qualitative methodologies, perform basic statistical or thematic analyses and evaluate results in the context of radiographic practice.
  8. Synthesize and apply information regarding the instrumentation, quality assurance techniques, relevant protocols, positioning and methods employed in mammography imaging.
  9. Analyse advanced techniques used in radiation dosimetry calculations, and interpret estimates and measurements used in medical imaging applications.
  10. Demonstrate an understanding of the biological effects of ultrasound and ionising radiation, radiosensitivity of specific organ systems and relevant advanced theories of radiation damage and repair mechanisms.
  11. Critically reflect on the role of professional ethics in the delivery of health care.
  12. Define and explain the legal issues affecting the practice of medical imaging.


1 x 2 hr ultrasound Written Exam: 40%
1 x 60 min mammography & dosimetry Written Exam: 15%
1 x 2000 word assignment: 10%
1 x Seminar (3 min per student): (Hurdle)
1 x 20 min ultrasound skills assessment: 5%
1 x Clinical Learning Portfolio: 20%
1 x 2000 word medico-legal professional journal: 10%

HURDLE: All elements of assessment must be passed to pass the unit.

Chief examiner(s)

Workload requirements

5 x one hour lectures
2 x one hour tutorials
1 x one and a half hour laboratory practical session
4 hours directed study using Moodle


Levels 1 and 2 of BRadMedImag course
RAD3051 and RAD3061