Faculty of Science

Undergraduate - Unit

This unit entry is for students who completed this unit in 2014 only. For students planning to study the unit, please refer to the unit indexes in the the current edition of the Handbook. If you have any queries contact the managing faculty for your course or area of study.

print version

6 points, SCA Band 2, 0.125 EFTSL

Refer to the specific census and withdrawal dates for the semester(s) in which this unit is offered, or view unit timetables.

FacultyFaculty of Science
OfferedMalaysia First semester 2014 (Day)
Coordinator(s)Dr. Ton So Ha


This unit will introduce students to various aspects of Pathology and its importance in medical sciences. The content is broad-based and focuses on general principles and pathophysiological processes in the body. The lecture and practical material emphasises applied and practical aspects of the topics. The unit will include the following:

  1. Clinical Biochemistry includes metabolism of vitamins and minerals, the role of plasma enzymes in prognosis and diagnosis and some organ functions;
  2. Haematology - involves the anaemias, leukaemias, myeloproliferative and bleeding disorders together with the principles of blood banking and blood transfusion;
  3. Histopathology and Cytology include common cytotological problems of gynaecological and non gynaecological nature, acute and chronic inflammation, healing and repair, circulatory disorders as well as hyperplasia and neoplasia;
  4. Medical Parasitology and Entomology are confined to protozoalogy and helminthology, arthropods and basic knowledge of the life cycles and human diseases born by insects and arachnids found in the Malaysian region.


On completion of this unit students will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate an understanding of how the organs and tissues of a healthy body become diseased;

  1. Describe the causes and clinical effects of diseases eg. cytological problems associated with gynaecological and non-gynaecological abnormalities, circulatory disorders and disorders of growth such as hyperplasia and neoplasia;

  1. Demonstrate appreciation of the involvement of metabolic interrelationships in health and disease, including vitamins, micro and macro minerals and also some organ functions;

  1. Explain the biochemical, physiological and immunological processes involved in normal body functions and disturbances that may occur in different diseased states with respect to blood eg. anaemias, leukaemias and some bleeding disorders;

  1. Describe the pathophysiology of some parasitic diseases borne by insects and arachnids found in the Malaysian region.


Assignment: 10%
Mid-semester test: 10%
Practical reports: 30%
Final Exam: 50%

Chief examiner(s)

Workload requirements

Three 1-hour lectures, one 3-hour practical class and one 1-hour tutorial per week