units

PHC5004

Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences

Postgraduate - Unit

This unit entry is for students who completed this unit in 2012 only. For students planning to study the unit, please refer to the unit indexes in the the current edition of the Handbook. If you have any queries contact the managing faculty for your course or area of study.

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6 points, SCA Band 2, 0.125 EFTSL

Refer to the specific census and withdrawal dates for the semester(s) in which this unit is offered, or view unit timetables.

LevelPostgraduate
FacultyFaculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences
OfferedClayton First semester 2012 (Off-campus)
Coordinator(s)Professor Colette Browning

Synopsis

Chronic illness is by definition, long lasting and at times severe. Chronic illnesses are large contributors to mortality, morbidity, disability and increased hospital admissions. They also make up a significant proportion of individuals using primary health care services. In Australia, almost half of all deaths are caused by the 12 leading chronic illnesses which include a range of physical and mental illnesses. These include coronary heart disease, stroke, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, depression, diabetes, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic kidney disease, oral diseases, arthritis and osteoporosis. Individuals with some of these illnesses - high blood pressure, depression, arthritis, diabetes and asthma - rely heavily on primary health care services for day to day management and support. The causes of chronic illness are both broad and complex. They represent a range and combination of Downstream determinants, such as biological factors; Midstream determinants, such as psychosocial factors and health behaviours; and Upstream determinants, such as social-cultural, physical and environmental factors. These factors may also impact on the management of chronic illness, in particular how health care and information is accessed, received and interpreted by individuals.

This Unit, designed for primary health care professionals, aims to provide participants with an understanding of the socio-cultural and behavioural determinants of chronic illness, and how these determinants impact on health promotion, prevention, management strategies and outcomes in the primary health care setting. The Unit is based on a multi-disciplinary approach, drawing on theoretical and empirical case studies from the social sciences, public health, health promotion and primary health care. The Unit will examine the different causation models of the determinants of chronic illness with particular emphasis on the socio-cultural determinants of health and behavioural risk and protective factors, including early life factors. It will make the link, with a number of case study examples, between the burden associated with disease and risk and protective factors. The Unit will also examine models of chronic disease self-management and how these approaches apply in primary health care settings. It will show how individual and group socio-cultural factors may influence health care decision making, and interactions with the primary health care team.

Outcomes

On completion of this unit, students should be able to:

  1. Explain the socio-cultural and behavioural determinants of chronic illness;
  2. Describe the different causation models of the determinants of chronic illness with particular emphasis on the socio-cultural determinants of health and behavioural risk and protective factors, including early life factors;
  3. Identify how these determinants impact on health promotion, prevention, management strategies and outcomes in the primary health care setting;
  4. Link, with a number of case study examples, the burden associated with disease and risk and protective factors;
  5. Identify how individual and group socio-cultural factors may influence health care decision making, and interactions with the primary health care team;
  6. Compare and contrast different models of chronic disease management with an emphasis on primary health care services;
  7. Critically appraise qualitative and quantitative research pertinent to the management of chronic illness in primary health care settings;
  8. Design empirical research studies to evaluate chronic disease management in primary health care settings.

Assessment

Workshop Presentation (20%)
Structured Learning Task (20%)
Research Essay (3000 words)(60%)

Chief examiner(s)

Professor Colette Browning

Contact hours

12 hours per week including contact time and private study, averaged over the 12 week semesters - a total of 156 hours.

Prerequisites

CRH1001. CRH1032