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Reference list

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All of the sources you have cited in your assignment must appear in the reference list, which is placed at the end of your report before the appendices.

The purpose of a reference list is provide appropriate details to enable the reader of your report to locate and verify the sources you have used. It is important therefore that you provide full and accurate information for each source you have cited.

The best approach to compiling a reference list is to write down the details of each source you use as you are reading it. You can then compile your reference list quickly when you have finished your assignment. When editing your assignment, remember to check that all the sources cited in your assignment are actually included in the reference list.

Example reference list

Aitken, P. (2000, April 13), ( Tips on Scanning), Available: http://www.pgacon.com/tips_on_scanning.htm#Introduction (Accessed: 2000, April 21)

Anderson, D. (1999), ( The PC Technology Guide), Available: http://www.pctechguide.com/18scanners.htm (Accessed: 2000, April 6)

Beltran, R.A. (1998), "Beyond flatbeds: unusual scanning solutions", PC Magazine, vol. 17, no. 18, October, pp. 188-189.

Blatner, D., Fleishman, G. and Roth, S. (1998), Real world scanning and halftones, 2nd ed., Peachpit Press, New York.

Englander, I. (2000), The Architecture of computer hardware and systems software, John Wiley, New York.

Figeiredo, P., McIllree. J. and Thomas, N. (1996), Introducing information technology, 2nd ed., Jacaranda Press, Singapore.

Grotta, D., and Wiener, S. (1998, April 10), "What's now, What's next," ( PC Magazine), Available: http://www.zdnet.com/pcmag/features/scanners98/intro.html (Accessed: 2000, April 8).

Jantz, R. (2000, May 5), "Epson scanner for the pros", ( Australian PC World), Available: http://pcworld.idg.com.au (Accessed: 2000, May 30).

"Scanner tips", (2000, February 20), ( Scan Soft), Available: http://www.scannercentral.com/scanners/tips/tips1.asp (Accessed: 2000, May 6).

Stone, M.D. (1999), "Speeds and feeds: how to choose a scanner", PC Magazine, vol.18, no. 15, September, pp. 216-218.




Look through the sample list of references. How are the references arranged down the page?

Comments


Look at each reference carefully; can you identify a reference for:

  • A book
  • A magazine article
  • An article from a journal or magazine on the world wide web
  • An article from a commercial site on the world wide web

Comments




What details do you need to write a reference?

Details such as the author or editor, title, and date of publication are required in a reference for all types of publications. However the format of the publication you are referencing will determine the other details required in the reference. For example, compare the following references for a book, a magazine article, and an article from the world wide web. Note: differences between the books and journal/magazine articles are in orange.

Book:

Author's surname, Author's first name or initial. (year of publication), Title of book, edition [if not first edition], Publisher's name, Place of publication

Blatner, D., Fleishman, G. and Roth, S. (1998), Real world scanning and halftones, 2nd ed., Peachpit Press, New York.

Journal or magazine article:

Author's surname, Author's first name or initial. (year of publication), "Title of article," Title of Journal, vol. volume number, no. issue number, date/month of publication, pp. page numbers of article.

Stone, M.D. (1999), "Speeds and feeds: how to choose a scanner", PC Magazine, vol.18, no. 15, September, pp.216-218.

Article from the world wide web:

If you can find the name of the author or editor -

Author/editor's surname, author/editor's first name or initial. (eds) [if appropriate] (last update or copyright date), "Title of page," ( Title of site), Available: URL (Accessed: access date).

Jantz, R. (2000, May 5), "Epson scanner for the pros", ( Australian PC World), Available: http://pcworld.idg.com.au (Accessed: 2000, May 30).

If you cannot find the name of the author or editor of a website, commence your reference with the title of the page - "Title of page," (last update or copyright date), ( Title of site), Available: URL (Accessed: access date)

"Scanner tips", (2000, February 20), ( Scan Soft), Available: http://www.scannercentral.com/scanners/tips/tips1.asp (Accessed: 2000, May 6)

Writing a reference from a web page can be difficult because some web pages do not contain all of these details. If you have difficulty finding the details listed above write down as much information as you can find.

The references are arranged in alphabetical order by the author or editor's surname.

If there is more than one publication by the same author, the references are then arranged by date, starting from the oldest to the most recent.

If a publication does not have an author or editor it is listed alphabetically by title.

Books:

Blatner, D., Fleishman, G. and Roth, S. (1998), Real world scanning and halftones, 2nd ed., Peachpit Press, New York

Borghese, N.A., Ferrigno, G., Baroni, G., Pedotti, A., Ferrari, S. and Savare, R.(1998), "Autoscan: a flexible and portable 3D scanner" IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 18, no. 3, May-June, pp.38-41.

Englander, I. (2000), The Architecture of computer hardware and systems software, John Wiley, New York

Figeiredo, P., McIllree. J. and Thomas, N. (1996), Introducing information technology, 2nd ed., Jacaranda Press, Singapore

Kuno, Y., Matsushita, T., Higuchi, T., Kodake, T., Nakamura, K. and Hirama, M. (1995), "A 7 k-pixel/spl times/3 line colour linear with single-side readout method", IEEE Transactions: Consumer Electronics, vol.41, no. 3, August, pp. 436-441.


Magazine articles:

Beltran, R.A. (1998), "Beyond flatbeds: unusual scanning solutions", PC Magazine, vol. 17, no. 18, October, pp.188-189

Stone, M.D. (1999), "Speeds and feeds: how to choose a scanner", PC Magazine, vol.18, no. 15, September, pp.216-218


An article from a magazine on the world wide web:

Grotta, D., and Wiener, S. (1998, April 10), "What's now, What's next," ( PC Magazine), Available: http://www.zdnet.com/pcmag/features/scanners98/intro.html (Accessed: 2000, April 8)

Jantz, R. (2000, May 5), "Epson scanner for the pros", ( Australian PC World), Available: http://pcworld.idg.com.au (Accessed: 2000, May 30)


An article from a commercial site on the world wide web:

Aitken, P. (2000, April 13), ( Tips on Scanning), Available: http://www.pgacon.com/tips_on_scanning.htm#Introduction (Accessed: 2000, April 21)

Anderson, D. (1999), ( The PC Technology Guide), Available: http://www.pctechguide.com/18scanners.htm (Accessed: 2000, April 6)

"Scanner tips", (2000, February 20), ( Scan Soft), Available: http://www.scannercentral.com/scanners/tips/tips1.asp (Accessed: 2000, May 6)

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