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Direct quotes

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Look at the sample Citation C below. How does it differ from indirect quotes in Citations A and B (from the previous exercise)? Why do you think the page number is included here?

Citation C

Disk storage capacity in the hard disk drive has increased 1000-fold in the last sixteen years, and is expected to continue into the future (Lee, Keong and Selvaruban, 1999). Areal density, by contrast, is increasing "at a rate of 60% per year and commensurate price per megabyte reductions" (Grochowski and Fontana 1998, p. 173)...

Citation A

Resolution is a measure of how many pixels a scanner can sample in a given image and is thus a description of the amount of detail in a picture (Figeiredo, McIllree and Thomas, 1996).

Citation B

Grochowski and Fontana (1998), and Shiroishi (1998) attribute lower costs to the introduction of improved technologies including advanced thin film media, magnetoresistive heads and high performance PRML signal processing.

Comments

Comments

Citation C is a direct quote, as it includes words which have been transcribed directly from the original source. Whenever you use a direct quote - that is, use the exact words from the original source - you should indicate this with quotation marks and provide the page number. If a direct quotation is three or more lines in length, quotations marks are not necessary and the quote is usually indented and separated from the text in your assignment. For example:

In assessing the future development of hard disk drives, Peterson points out that:

Developments in memory technology could mean that solid state storage becomes a serious alternative to the hard disk. Solid-state disk technology, with data stored in huge banks of high speed RAM, is already available at a high-end server level, but with current RAM it can't reach the capacities or price points to make it a mainstream proposition (2000, p.76).
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