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Notes on using the passive

The passive voice may use any tense of the verb to be.

to be past participle
It / They is / are

was / were
(present simple)

(past simple)
recommended
Change(s) is being / are being

was being / were being
(present continuous)

(past continuous)
implemented
It / They has been / have been

had been
(present perfect)

(past perfect)
incorporated
It / They will be (future) incorporated

Examples

It is recommended...

Changes are being implemented...

They have been incorporated...

A passive verb may be preceded by a modal.

In this case, for example, there may be a general expectation that accountants should actively facilitate decision-making, hence the student writes, 'accountants are expected to...'

Examples

Changes could be implemented...

Consideration should have been given...

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